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About Conversion

Process  |  Men  | Parents  |  Raised Jewish |Recognition |  The Experience

The Conversion Process

What is the overall process for becoming Jewish as an adult?

The process of becoming a member of the Jewish people is well established. We ask that you follow these steps in your journey to full membership within the Jewish people:

  • Study. Attend an Introduction to Judaism course and/or study privately with a rabbi or other Jewish teacher.
  • Connect with a rabbi who is willing to serve as your sponsoring rabbi. 
    • Most congregational rabbis are happy to help you on this path, if they have the time available.
    • If you don’t yet have a rabbi, we can help you find one.  Contact us at or Search our Directory
  • Meet with your sponsoring rabbi for discussion and tutoring, until he or she is satisfied that you are ready.
  • (For people with male genitalia only) Fulfill the mitzvah of milah (ritual circumcision).
  • Choose a Hebrew name for yourself, in consultation with your sponsoring rabbi.
  • Apply to meet with a Bet Din panel and discuss your journey to gain formal Jewish status.
  • Make an appointment to Immerse yourself in a kosher mikveh (body of water).

Most of the above steps are discussed in more detail, below.

What is a bet din?

A bet din is a Jewish rabbinical court and one of the issues they rule on is conversion. Here at the Community Bet Din, the court is made up of three rabbis, one of whom is your sponsoring rabbi. The Sandra Caplan Community Bet Din is unique in that it draws its rabbis from all the liberal streams and it ensures that the rabbis are knowledgeable about conversion. The Bet Din’s panel will meet with you to authorize your conversion to Judaism.

My sponsoring rabbi says that I’m nearly ready to convert. I’m excited and a bit nervous. What happens now?

Mazal tov! Congratulations! A mix of excitement and anxiety is quite normal. If you and your sponsoring rabbi decide that the Sandra Caplan Community Bet Din is best for you, then apply.

How do I apply?

Click here to apply online.  Submit it to our office 4–8 weeks prior to when you hope to formalize your conversion. (Your sponsoring rabbi will contact us to schedule the actual meeting date.)

During the bet din session, what do we talk about?

Meeting with the bet din’s panel is an opportunity for you to discuss your decision to become a Jew. Most of all, the three rabbis on the panel would like to be sure that you are converting freely, and that you understand what it means to live as a Jew. (We don’t expect you to be an expert on Judaism; we do expect you to be committed to continuing to learn — because we view that as part of “what it means to live as a Jew.”)

Can the bet din reject me?

Yes, but it rarely happens. It’s rare because our coordinator has worked with your sponsoring rabbi in advance, in order to ensure that you are truly ready. Possible grounds for rejection may include the candidate’s maintenance of non-Jewish beliefs, or the candidate not knowing enough about Judaism to make an informed choice about conversion.The panel of rabbis will always be supportive and respectful.

After my meeting with the bet din, what happens next?

Generally, the next — and final — step is to immerse yourself in a ritually appropriate (“kosher”) pool of water. Under certain conditions, the ocean can be used. However, most rabbis prefer a specially designed facility called a mikveh. A mikveh offers a more controlled experience that assures everyone’s safety and modesty.

Can both my meeting with the bet din and my mikveh immersion be done during the same appointment?

Yes, that is the usual arrangement. Our coordinator sets it up with the Community Mikveh at American Jewish University (AJU), in the Bel Air neighborhood of Los Angeles.

Typically, you would rendezvous with your sponsoring rabbi in the Mikveh’s foyer. You would then meet with our Bet Din panel in a nearby room. Afterward, you would return to the mikveh for your immersion if authorized by the Bet Din. Together the two rites — bet din and mikveh — generally take less than two hours.

Alternatively, you may meet with the Bet Din in a different place and go to the mikveh on the same or another day.

I’ve never been in a mikveh. How will I know what to do?

A few weeks before your appointment, our Bet Din Executive Director will send you instructions. The AJU  Mikveh staff is also available to answer questions in advance.

The “Introduction to Judaism” programs in our area often include a visit to the AJU Community Mikveh. But if you haven’t visited the facility prior to your appointment, it will begin with a tour.

In any event, the Mikveh administrator will teach you what to do. She will help you with the prayers and enable you to immerse in a modest, comfortable, and meaningful way. She will also supervise to ensure that your immersion is ritually proper. Most people experience their immersion as a deeply moving spiritual event.

Is there a cost involved?

Most sponsoring rabbis will ask for compensation for their teaching and/or tutoring toward meeting our educational requirements. They cannot accept compensation for serving as your sponsoring rabbi per se.

The other two rabbis who serve on our Bet Din panel are volunteers.

None of the participating rabbis can make their endorsement conditional upon your making donations or payments aside from the following:

Our Bet Din charges an administration fee of $236  (the real cost is $500).  We do have the Rabbi Stephen Einstein Scholarship Fund to help any candidate with fees if finances are an obstacle.  In addition, if more than one family member comes at the same time, the Bet Din fee is $36 for each additional family member going though Bet Din on the same day.

The fee for use of AJU’s Community Mikveh is $175 if your Bet Din is at the AJU campus; if you have a Bet Din at a different location, the fee is $150.  If you opt to do natural t'vilah at one of our three approved sites, you will be charged a $150 t'vilah fee effective September 15, 2020.  If you have an in-person Bet Din at the AJU campus, the cost of Mikveh is $175.  

If the payment of our standard fees would be a financial hardship for you, please inform your sponsoring rabbi, who will contact us on your behalf to discuss alternative arrangements.

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For People with Male Genitalia

Tell me about the special requirement for people with male genitalia. What does it involve?

Men and boys are able to join the covenant of the Jews with God in a special way through ritual circumcision. (Jewish male babies are circumcised eight days after birth — health permitting — as the centerpiece of a rite, in the presence of Jewish witnesses.) In this way, we Jews follow the ancient sacred commandment given to our father Abraham when he undertook a covenant with his God.

I was circumcised as a baby. What do I do?

There is a ceremony for you, called hattafat dam b’rit. Typically, you  meet with a trained specialist called a mohel, who is also a medical doctor. He uses a small lancet to bring to the surface less than a drop of blood, at the site of your circumcision.

Some candidates prefer to perform this rite on themselves, while a Jewish adult serves as a witness.

This rite is considered as a symbolic re-circumcision. The mohel or witness then attests that it was performed for the sake of your entering the covenant as a Jew.

For more information, see here.

I am not circumcised. What can I do?

You will have to be ritually circumcised. This is done by a urologist, with anesthetic, in a medical clinic or hospital. It is accompanied by specific blessings, which typically are said by your sponsoring rabbi or by a trained specialist known as a mohel. These blessings establish that you are entering the covenant as a Jew. The surgery site is usually fully healed after a month.

I identify as transgender. How does this requirement affect me?

Perhaps you are living as a man yet do not have male genitalia. Or perhaps you are not living as a man, yet do have male genitalia. If so, please know that we are committed to finding a way that respects both your gender identity/expression/body image and the Jewish commitment to God’s covenant with Abraham. We will work with your sponsoring rabbi to determine what is best for you.

What proof do you ask for that I’ve undergone the proper rite?

We rely upon the written attestation of a Jewish witness, which is usually the mohel. Typically that attestation is in the form of a certificate. It’s best if you convey a copy of it to our Bet Din Executive Director prior to your appointment. In any case, we ask that you bring the original with you when you meet with the Bet Din panel.

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For Parents

I have children. Can they be converted, too?

Yes, it is not uncommon for a child to accompany a parent in the conversion process. However, children under the age of 13 are handled a bit differently, because they are not considered able to freely make an informed choice.

  • Male children must fulfill the requirement of ritual circumcision, like male adults.
  • Children do not have a formal meeting with the Bet Din (although the older ones may be asked about their attitude toward becoming Jewish).
  • The parent(s) must meet with a Bet Din panel in order to establish that the child will be raised as a Jew.
  • After the Bet Din panel is satisfied with the parental assurances, the child enters (or if very young, is taken by a parent into) the mikveh. A Bet Din arranges to witness that immersion while respecting the child’s sense of modesty around strangers.

Will my children be Jewish if I am converted before they are born?

Yes, if you are the biological mother.

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Raised Jewish

I was raised Jewish but wasn’t born to a Jewish (biological) mother. What is needed in order for me to be recognized as having formal Jewish status? I’m not really “converting” to something new.

Individual rabbis who are members of our Bet Din may give different answers to this question. However, regarding someone whose (biological) father was Jewish, or who was adopted as a child by Jewish parents, the “highest common denominator” answer is:

What’s needed is that you go through the same outward ritual process as someone who was not raised as a Jew.

Granted, at first glance the term “conversion” may not be a good fit for you. We respect that your present sense of identity may already be fully Jewish. Yet in your situation we tend to use the term “conversion” anyway — while not taking it so literally. That’s because the outward process is virtually the same, in order for you to achieve Jewish status in the eyes of all of our member rabbis.

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What documentation will prove that I have completed the conversion?

You will receive two conversion certificates: one in English and one in Hebrew. You will also receive a separate attestation of your immersion in a mikveh. The rabbis of the Bet Din panel will have signed all these documents.

Our Bet Din keeps a paper copy of these certificates in a fireproof safe, and a digital copy is archived, as well.

Will American rabbis accept my conversion as valid?

Conservative, Reconstructionist, Reform, and transdenominational rabbis will accept you as a Jew. At this time, few Orthodox rabbis will accept any conversion other than those that they or their Orthodox colleagues authorize.

Will my conversion be recognized as valid in Israel?

The Israeli government (Ministries of Absorption and of the Interior) will recognize your conversion, so that you will be accepted as a citizen if you wish to make aliyah (move to Israel).

Conservative and Reform congregations in Israel will be delighted to welcome you into their midst.

At this time, the official religious and rabbinic authority in Israel (the state-sponsored Rabbinate) will not accept you as a Jew. Unfortunately, they do not recognize our authority as rabbis. This means that in Israel, you will not be able to marry or divorce or be buried as a Jew. Many Israelis find themselves in the same conundrum and have developed ways for working-around this obstacle. Your rabbi will be happy to discuss this with you.

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About the Experience

What do people say about their experience with the Sandra Caplan Community Bet Din?

  • “I was glad to have rabbis from three movements on the Bet Din at my conversion. I feel that I have been embraced and welcomed into the entire Jewish community.”
  • “Everyone was so kind. I was surprised at my emotions.”
  • “I feel like a whole new person.”
  • “I have always lived a Jewish life and I didn’t think the process was for me. Now I am so grateful to have done this. It was good.”
  • “The entire experience was amazing, beyond words, like nothing I have ever felt before. I’m happy my rabbi could be with me.”
  • “At long last, I am home where I belong among my people.”

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Payment FAQ

What Payment Means

Payment of our administration fee of $236 means that you are contributing to the functioning of our Bet Din.

  • What you are paying for:   Our staff’s coordination efforts,  the opportunity to meet with our panel of rabbis, and our maintenance of the rigorous quality control standards that ensure that the certificates from our Bet Din are something to be proud of.
  • What you are not paying for:   You are not paying for a conversion to Judaism. Your payment of our fee does not guarantee that our panel will approve your candidacy, or that of your child. Nonetheless we strive in advance to ensure that all candidates are truly ready, and that our panelists are competent and adequately trained.
  • Our administration fee covers less than half of the actual cost of our preparation work. The balance is paid for by the donors who support our operations.

Payment Deadlines

  • Certificates will not be released until all fees that are due have been paid.
  • Payment of our administration fee can occur from the day you apply until the date of your session. You may bring your payment to your session, but we cannot proceed with the session until payment is made.
  • Payment of the mikveh fee is expected at the time of service. See also the Refund Policy, below.

Refund Policy

Refunds will be considered on a case-by-case basis but not within 7 days of your scheduled Bet Din session. (Reason: Nearly all of our staff’s effort on your behalf has already been expended by that point.)

Likewise, the AJU Community Mikveh assesses a fee of $50 if you cancel your appointment less than 7 days in advance. An exception may be made in unforeseeable circumstances such as a sudden death in the family. Late cancellations make it unlikely that someone else can take your slot, which leaves the Mikveh underutilized.

Fee Adjustments

If the payment of our standard fees would be a financial hardship for you, please inform your sponsoring rabbi, who will contact us on your behalf to discuss alternative arrangements.

Contact Us


Voice: 323-863-5486    

Mailing Address

8306 Wilshire Blvd #830

Beverly Hills, CA 90211

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