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FAQ for Rabbis'

Scope | Process | Membership | Raised Jewish | Authority | The Experience


What are your standards, and how are they set?

Our standards reflect the “highest common denominator” of the concerns of the CCAR, RA, RRA, and AJRCAA. Our policies are set by our board of governors, which includes representatives of all four rabbinical organizations. Questions of application are addressed to our Av Bet Din (and, when further input seems warranted, to our S’gan Av Bet Din).

How many conversions do you handle each year?

About fifty.

Where does your funding come from?

In 2017:

  • We received about $15,200 in donations.
  • Of that, 69% came from our Board of Trustees; 26% from our own dayanim (members); and the remaining 5% from grateful converts, their family members, or friends of the Bet Din.
  • We received $7,560 in administration fees.
  • We had our first fundraising even to celebrate our 500 conversion that raised $6,500.

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How is this better than my convening a bet din on my own?

What we do includes:

  • Support sponsoring rabbis.
  • Promote rigorous standards.
  • Consult on unusual situations.
  • Offer in-service training.
  • Create the conditions for a meaningful experience, for all participants.

We provide you with trained rabbinic colleagues who are eager to serve on a panel that meets with your candidates. They will come to the venue of your choosing (among the various options that we make available).

We provide you with relevant resources and help to keep you on track. The net effect is to increase your capacity to work with conversion candidates — or to invest your valuable time in other ways.

Each one of our dayanim is empowered to represent the other 130 or so member rabbis. Our auspices make a symbolic statement that the convert is becoming part of a Jewish people that is much wider than your synagogue or their spouse’s family.

We bring you into contact with colleagues from outside your circle — rabbis whom you might not otherwise see very often, or even meet.

Where do you meet?

Generally, our panel meets with the candidate in one of three types of venue (listed in decreasing order of frequency):

  • At the AJU, in a room (provided to us by the university) near the Mikveh.
  • At one of our branch offices in Newport Beach, Ventura, or San Luis Obispo.
  • At the sponsoring rabbi’s synagogue.

What resources do you offer to your members?

Our website includes a resource page that features the following categories:

For Sponsoring Rabbis

  • Checklist
  • Scheduling tools (timeline and calendar)
  • Venue options and policies
  • Preparing the candidate (adult and child)
    • Suggested topics for personal reflection (“essay questions”)
    • Choosing a Hebrew name
    • Explaining hattafat dam b’rit to your male candidate
  • Endorsement and other forms

For Other Dayanim

  • Procedures for the bet din session
  • Model questions
  • Required questions

Consultation via phone or email with our coordinator and/or our Av Bet Din has proven valuable to many of our members.

In-service training in recent years has consisted of a highly regarded, 4-hour-long, bienniel yom iyun.

  • Practical Issues in the Formation of Converts (2011)
  • Issues in the Conversion of Children (2013)
  • Transgender Folk in the Conversion Process (2015)

During the bet din session, what is asked of the candidate?

Our meeting with candidates typically begin by offering them an opportunity to recount their decision to become a Jew. We also ensure that they are converting freely, and that they understand what it means to live as a Jew. We don’t expect them to be an expert on Judaism; however, we do expect them to be committed to continuing to learn. We avoid trick questions.

Typically a member of the panel will explore the candidate’s relationship to touchstones such as Shabbat and kashrut. We expect the candidate to say that “Shabbat is a special day for me (and my family) in the following ways” or “My Jewish way of eating is as follows.” We expect them have some exposure to, and respect for, traditional practices, even if they are not following them at this time.

When a candidate is accepted, the session closes with his/her reading aloud of our “Declaration of Jewish Commitment.”

Does this bet din ever reject candidates?

Yes, but it rarely happens. It’s rare because our coordinator has worked with the sponsoring rabbi in advance, in order to ensure that the candidate is truly ready.

What is your relationship to the AJU Mikveh?

We have been working closely together, to ensure that the sessions run smoothly. Our usual arrangement is for the candidate’s meeting with the bet din and the mikveh immersion to be completed during the same appointment.

The Mikveh staff also coordinates payment arrangements with us.

Why should I join if I am not sponsoring any candidates?

Our Bet Din provides a handy opportunity for you to take part in the rites of conversion. These moments can be among the most gratifying of a rabbi’s career!

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If I join this Bet Din, will I be required to use it exclusively?

No. Sponsor your candidate under our auspices whenever it seems best for that particular candidate, and for your own situation at the time. You may legitimately decline to use this bet din, preferring instead to use your movement’s Bet Din, or one that you yourself convene.

Our Bet Din does not in and of itself discourage the operation of any other bet din in the region, or question its legitimacy or authority.

What does the training involve?

Our orientation/training lasts 90 minutes. It covers our approach and our policies and procedures. You will also learn a bit about our administrative and governance structure.

What does it cost me to join?

There is no charge to join, nor for our initial training.

We do ask that our members be willing to sit on a panel once a year, as volunteers. (Even so, we understand that a few of our members have work or other commitments that temporarily preclude their serving with us, or that they may live too far away from the AJU for their regular participation to be worthwhile.)

We send out an annual appeal for donations. Your participation in that campaign is optional. However, many of our members do choose to support our organization financially.

What commitments do your members make?

Here is what we ask each member to sign upon joining us: Letter of Agreement

Do you ever discipline or reject rabbis as members?

Yes. We do so in order to ensure that the rites of passage are meaningful and uplifting.

Example of discipline: we asked a colleague not to denigrate Orthodox Judaism in her remarks to a candidate.

Another example of discipline: we asked a colleague to dress less informally, so as to honor the candidate’s journey to Judaism.

Example of rejection: we asked a colleague not to participate any longer in our panels, after he repeatedly insisted on asking trick questions — and using them as a pretext to deliver a mini-sermon.

We require that our dayanim remain members in good standing of the Board of Rabbis of Southern California, to ensure that they are able to receive ethical oversight via their professional rabbinic associations.

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Raised Jewish

How do you handle folks who were raised Jewish but not born to a Jewish (biological) mother?

Regarding someone whose (biological) father was Jewish, or who was adopted as a child by Jewish parents, our “highest common denominator” answer is:

We ask them to go through the same outward ritual process as someone who was not raised as a Jew.

We respect that their present sense of identity may already be fully Jewish. Yet in such situations we tend to use the term “conversion” anyway — while not taking it so literally. That’s because the outward process is virtually the same, in order for the person to achieve Jewish status in the eyes of all of our member rabbis.

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Authority and Recognition

What documentation will prove that the conversion was completed?

We provide two conversion certificates — one in English and one in Hebrew — as well as a folder to keep them in.

Our Bet Din keeps a paper copy of these certificates in a fireproof safe, and a digital copy is archived, as well. Additional copies are provided to the sponsoring rabbi for their own files or digital archiving, as requested.

Do American rabbis accept your conversions as valid?

So far as we know, Conservative, Reconstructionist, Reform, and transdenominational rabbis accept our candidates as Jews. After all, we have met the standards promulgated by the RA, RRA, CCAR, and AJRCAA.

At this time, few Orthodox rabbis will accept any conversion other than those that they or their Orthodox colleagues authorize.

Are your conversions recognized as valid in Israel?

  • The Israeli government (Ministries of Absorption and of the Interior) recognizes our conversions, so that candidates are accepted as a citizen if they wish to make aliyah.
  • At this time, the Rabbanut will not accept our conversions, because they do not recognize our authority as rabbis. This means that in Israel, our converts are not able to marry or divorce or be buried as a Jew.

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About the Experience

What do converts say about their experience with the Sandra Caplan Community Bet Din?

  • “I was glad to have rabbis from three movements on the Bet Din at my conversion. I feel that I have embraced and been welcomed into the entire Jewish community.”
  • “Everyone was so kind. I was surprised at my emotions.”
  • “I feel like a whole new person.”
  • “I have always lived a Jewish life and I didn’t think the process was for me. Now I am so grateful to have done this. It was good.”
  • “The entire experience was amazing, beyond words, like nothing I have ever felt before. I’m happy my rabbi could be with me.”
  • “At long last, I am home where I belong among my people.”

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Payment FAQ

What Payment Means

Payment of our administration fee ($190 effective 1/1/2018) means that you are contributing to the functioning of our Bet Din.

  • What You Are Paying For:   Our staff’s coordination efforts;  the opportunity to meet with our panel of rabbis; and our maintenance of the rigorous quality control standards that ensure that the certificates from our Bet Din are something to be proud of.
  • What You Are Not Paying For:   You are not paying for a conversion to Judaism. Your payment of our fee does not guarantee that our panel will approve your candidacy, or that of your child. (Nonetheless we strive in advance to ensure that all candidates are truly ready, and that our panelists are competent and adequately trained.)
  • Our administration fee covers less than half of the actual cost of our preparation work. (The balance is paid for by the donors who support our operations.)
  • The Mikveh fee ($125) covers the cost to the American Jewish University of operating this community Mikveh.  We collect the fee on behalf of AJU if the candidate desires.

Payment Deadlines

  • Certificates will not be released until all fees that are due have been paid.
  • If you are paying in advance for one or both fees, please allow 48 hours for our office to inform the Mikveh staff that payment has been received. (I.e., if you pay online within 48 hours of your session, you should bring along your receipt in order to receive your certificates on the same day.)
  • Payment of our administration fee is due 7 days in advance of your session. However, there is no penalty for making your payment thereafter. You may bring your payment to your session. This is meant as a convenience to you.
  • Payment of the mikveh fee is expected at the time of service. See also the Refund Policy, below.

Refund Policy

No refund of our administration fee is available within 7 days of your scheduled Bet Din session. (Reason: Nearly all of our staff’s effort on your behalf has already been expended by that point.)

Likewise, the AJU Community Mikveh assesses a fee of $50 if you cancel your appointment less than 7 days in advance. An exception may be made in unforeseeable circumstances such as unusual menstruation or a sudden death in the family. (Reason: Late cancellations make it unlikely that someone else can take your slot, which leaves the Mikveh underutilized.)

Fee Adjustments

If the payment of our standard fees would be a financial hardship for you, please inform your sponsoring rabbi, who will contact us on your behalf to discuss alternative arrangements.

If you pay online the day of, please bring your payment receipt with you to the session.

Contact Us


Voice: 323-863-5486    

Mailing Address

350 Dalkeith Ave
Los Angeles, CA 90049

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